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For the millions of households who don’t have the benefit of a proper sewerage system, all household waste is treated using a private sewage system known as a septic tank. Septic tank maintenance requires adherence to a specific and ongoing maintenance schedule if it is going to serve you properly. When all due care is taken, a single septic tank should be able to serve you reliably for several years, so long as you understand proper septic tank management procedures.  On the contrary, big expenses await you if you neglect your septic tank and fail to take care of the simple maintenance schedule.

In general, a septic tank that is maintained properly should be able to treat tons upon tons of organic waste one season after another. When the waste water sludge leaves your house into the septic tank, the first action is usually for the solid materials to settle down so that the lighter scum is left floating at the top. The liquid that is partly treated goes through perforated pipes and filters into the ground where it is further treated. It is at this point that helpful bacteria combine with other soil organisms to complete the process. As time progresses the tank will accumulate more solid material beyond the system’s capacity; at this level the waste may reach the outlet level and plug the pipes. Since a clogged system can also be hazardous to the environment it is important that septic tank maintenance be given priority. You must realize that with every single flush, bath or even disposal of dish water you are impacting your septic tank system. A good septic tank management program will be less expensive at the end of the day. Care needs to be taken regarding what is allowed to go into the septic tank because such things as laundry bleaches and toilet bowl cleaners are known to slow the treatment process.

It is therefore important for you and the household to remember that your septic tank is not a garbage disposal pit. Avoid dumping diapers, tampons, condoms and several other kinds of refuse that will not be treated and will simply end up plugging the system. It is important to educate any guests visiting regarding what does or does not go into the septic tank. Another aspect of septic tank maintenance is regarding the conservation of water. It is a fact that the less the water in the system the better it is going to work. The choice is therefore yours – maintain your septic tank and pay less in maintenance.

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