Basements are usually moist and damp because they are built below the water table level. The water from the surrounding area seeps into the walls of the basement and reduces their structural reliability. In order to avoid this, a basement sump pump must be installed that prevents the water from seeping in and weakening the foundation of the house.
Basement Sump Pump – Installation and Maintenance
Basements can flood due to poor drainage, a crack in the basement walls, blocked sewer lines or due to the construction of the basement below the water table level. Natural disasters and rainwater can also flood the basement of the house. A basement sump pump is installed to prevent the flooding of the basement. Sump pumps are installed in specially designed sump pits where the water is collected as it seeps through the surrounding areas. The water is pumped by the sump pump and discharged away from the building.
Before basement sump pump installation, you must choose the location of the pump. It is recommended to install a sump pump near a wall, as it would allow the water to be easily discharged out of the building. Once you have decided the location, you can start working on building the sump pit. You must dig a hole in the basement floor and then line it with coarse gravel for the absorption of water from the surrounding area. Place the sump liner in the sump pit and put some more gravel. Drill holes in the liner but make sure that the holes are smaller in diameter than the gravel you are using. Otherwise, gravel might be pumped instead of water and block the pump. Install the sump pump plumbing in the sump liner. Make sure you dry-fit the entire assembly before making any final connections. After making the final connections, install a float and plug in the sump pump.
A basement sump pump is reliable and effective but it is a mechanical device nonetheless and can break down if it is not maintained. In such a situation, the basement might be flooded with water especially if the basement is below the water table level and the pump is required to work frequently. Therefore, it is recommended that multiple sump pumps must be installed so that if one fails to work, the other can do its job while first is being repaired or replaced. The sump pumps and sump basins must be cleaned regularly as dirt and gravel often deposit in the discharge line resulting in the reduction of efficiency of the pump. The sump pump may overheat and stop functioning altogether if the problem persists.
If your basement is constructed below the water table level and you are bothered with you basement being flooded from time to time, it is time for you to install a basement sump pump. Basement flooding not only reduces the structural reliability of the house but it may also cause respiratory diseases among the household members living in such unhygienic conditions.